Tuesday 11 November 2008

Erect-crested & Fiordland Crested Penguins

Two more Eudyptes penguins today, much less well known than the rockhoppers, the erect-crested penguin (E. sclateri) and the fiordland crested penguin (E. pachyrhynchus).

Erect-crested penguin
Eudyptes sclateri Buller, 1888

Adult erect-crested penguin (Eudyptes sclateri)

Distribution: endemic to New Zealand; breeds mainly on Antipodes (49oS) and Bounty (47oS) Islands and also on Auckland Island; winters around eastern South Island and in seas around its breeding range; vagrant to Macquarie, Chatham and southern Australia.

Size: 67cm (26”); males up to 6.4 kg (14 lb); females up to 5.6 kg (12 lb).

Habitat: cool temperate waters around New Zealand; breeds on rocky terrain, boulder beaches or rocky slopes without vegetation or soil; altitude range from 0 to 70 m above sea level.

Diet: reportedly crustaceans (such as krill) and cephalopods (squid).

Etymology: Eudyptes = “good diver” in Greek; sclateri = after Philip Lutley Sclater.

Erect-crested penguin chicks (Eudyptes sclateri) of different ages

Fiordland crested penguin
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus Gray, 1845

Adult fiordland crested penguin (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus)

Distribution: endemic to New Zealand; breeds on South Island, Stewart and Solander Islands; non-breeding around New Zealand, also possibly Tasmania and southern Australia.

Size: 55 cm (21½”); males weight up to 5.1 kg (11 lb); females up to 4.8 kg (10½ lb).

Habitat: cool temperate waters around New Zealand; breeds in temperate rainforest, shores, fiords, headlands, caves, rocky coasts, usually with ground cover of ferns and mosses.

Diet: probably cephalopods, crustaceans and fish.

Etymology: Eudyptes = as E. sclateri; pachyrhynchus = “thick beak” in Greek.

Fiordland crested penguin chicks (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus) of different ages


traumador said...

i've seen some fiordlanders in the actual fiordland. very cool they are as yoda would say.


love the penguin series keep it coming (i'm about to do some field work with new zealand's palaeo penguin expert ewan fordyce, which is exciting!)

m said...

Wow that's amazing, you live in a beautiful part of the world, Traumador!

Macaroni and Royal penguins coming up next!